Relation Between Swelling Pressure and Potential Expansion Soil with Atterberg Limits


  • Saleem Mahmood Mearek
  • Alaa Kharbat Shadhar University of Wasit
  • Haqqi Hadi Abbood



Swelling, Potential, Expansion, Soil, Atterberg


The expansive soils can be founded in various regions and extent areas in the south, middle and north of Iraq. Damage to these soils may appear immediately after construction within five years, or it may take several years until something happen to disturb to moisture structure of the soil. This work aims to find the relation between Atterberg limits, swelling potential, and swelling pressure for five samples. This work is projected to forecast the volume changes in site soil associated with the changes in soil plasticity. The behavior of an expansive soil (bentonite sand mixture) (B-S) subjected to the Atterberg limits test and swelling test were studied. Also, it was found that simple classification tests can provide reasonable estimates of field edges. The potential probability forecasts using the consolidation standard were sometimes low, often as little as possible compared to field observations. Predictions based on the soil suction method provided reasonable higher limits for all test sites.


Download data is not yet available.


Das, S.K., Samui, P., Sabat, A.K., (2011). Application of artificial intelligence to maximum dry density and unconfined compressive strength of cement stabilized soil. Geotech. Geol. Eng. 29, 329–342

Puppala, A.J., Pedarla, A., (2017). Innovative ground improvement techniques for expansive soils. Innovative Infrastructure Solutions 2, 24.

Behnood, A., (2018). Soil and clay stabilization with calcium-and non-calcium-based additives: a state-of-the-art review of challenges, approaches and techniques. Transportation Geotechnics 17, 14–32

Vijayan, D., Parthiban, D., (2020). Effect of Solid Waste Based Stabilizing Material for Strengthening of Expansive Soil-A Review. Environmental Technology & Innovation, p. 101108.

Ijaz, N., Dai, F., ur Rehman, Z., (2020). Paper and wood industry waste as a sustainable solution for environmental vulnerabilities of expansive soil: a novel approach. J. Environ. Manag. 262, 110285.

Xu, Y., Zhang, H.-r., (2021). Design of soilbag-protected slopes in expansive soils. Geotext. Geomembranes.

Christopher, I.C., Chimobi, N.D., (2019). Emerging trends in expansive soil stabilisation: a review. J. Rock Mech. Geotech. Eng. 11 (2).

Atemimi, Y.K., (2020). Effect of the Grain Size of Sand on Expansive Soil, Key Engineering Materials. Trans Tech Publ, pp. 367–373.

[Cherif, M.M., Amal, M., Ramdane, B., (2018). Effect of swelling mineral on geotechnical characteristics of clay soil. In: MATEC Web of Conferences. EDP Sciences, 02067.

Pastor Navarro, J.L., Tom´as, R., Cano, M., Riquelme, A., Guti´errez, E., (2019). Evaluation of the Improvement Effect of Limestone Powder Waste in the Stabilization of Swelling Clayey Soil.

Kayabali, K., Demir, S., (2011). Measurement of swelling pressure: direct method versus indirect methods. Can. Geotech. J. 48, 354–364.

Kumar, T.A., Raheena, M., Robinson, R., Thyagaraj, T., (2020). A rapid method of determination of swell potential and swell pressure of expansive soils using constant rate of strain apparatus. Geotech. Test J. 43.

N. Ameta, A. Wayal, (2008). Effect of Bentonite on Permeability of Dune Sand, Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering.

A. Abed., (2008). Numerical Modelling of Expansive Soil Behavior, PhD. Thesis, University of Stuttgart, Germany.

J. Rogers, R. Olshansky, (2013). Damage to Foundations from Expansive Soils, Paper Presented to Missouri University Of Science and Technology.

A. Rao, B. Phanikumar, R. Sharma, (2004). Prediction of swelling characteristics of remolded and compacted expansive soils using free swell index, Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology.

H. Seed, Jr. Woodward, R. Lundgren, (1962). Prediction of Swelling Potential for Compacted Clays, Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, Vol. 88, Issue 3, Pg. 53-88.

N. Nayak, R. Christensen, (2001). Swelling Characteristics of Compacted, Expansive Soils, Department of Engineering Mechanics, Engineering Building, The University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisc. 53706.

C. Ömür , S. Nilay, Y. Hüseyin, (2012). Prediction of Swelling Potential and Pressure in Compacted Clay, Arab J Sci Eng, 37:1535–1546.

A. Mosleh, W. Abdulmohsin, (2003). Experimental study of lateral restraint effects on the potential heave of expansive soils, Engineering Geology 69, 63–81.

Y. Yeliz, K. Abidin, (2008). Suitability of the methylene blue test for surface area, cation exchange capacity and swell potential determination of clayey soils, Engineering Geology 102, 38–45.

M. Masoumeh, D. Masoud, (2012). Swell-Shrink Behavior of Expansive Soils, Damage and Control, Electronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 17.

B. Lim, G. Siemens, (2016). A Unifying Framework for Modeling Swelling Soil Behaviors, Canadian Geotechnical Journal, May 2016.




How to Cite

Mearek, S. M., Shadhar, A. K., & Abbood, H. H. . (2022). Relation Between Swelling Pressure and Potential Expansion Soil with Atterberg Limits. Wasit Journal of Engineering Sciences, 10(2), 12–19.